- Departure Point: Balcony of Axarquía (Plaza Balcón de la Axarqía), Comares
- Return: Balcony of Axarquía (Plaza Balcón de la Axarqía), Comares
- Distance: 12 km
- Ascent: 355 m
- Descent: 355 m
- Type: Linear or Return
- Suitable For: Walking, Mountain Bikes, Horse Riding
- Estimated Time: 5½ hrs on foot.
- Degree of Difficulty: Medium
- Season: All Year – but avoid hot days
- Footwear and Clothing: Appropriate for mountain trekking
- Water: Definitely needed
- Map: Military Map of
Spain, Scale 1/50,000, Colmenar, Sheet 1039
- Tombs hewn from solid rock
- Around 30 glazed earthenware pots, probably used to store maize
- A 13th Century Mozarabic water tank, declared a site of national historic interest in 1931. It is an underground construction, separated into nine compartments linked by horseshoe arches.
- The foundations of a three-roomed house with a millstone, probably used for grinding flour.
There are many theories about the origin of Maxmúllar; some refer to the ancient settlement of Bobastro, others that it was the birthplace of the rebel leader, Omar Ben Hafsún. The site was only discovered accidentally in 1907 and then excavated in the following year by Rodrigo Amador de los Rios, although there are references to Mazmullar in a document published in 1862. See the pages on the history of Maxmúllar for more details.
Flora & Fauna (Spanish Names)
This route passes cliffs which serve as home to mosses (musgos), lichens (liquenes) and ferns (helechos). There is an abundance of species linked to springs such as Maidenhair Fern (culantrillo), ivy (hiedra), violets (violetas), rushes (juncos), blackberries (zarzamoras), Friar’s Cowl (candilico), Horse Mint (hierbabuena) etc.
Other plants include:
- Dyer’s Broom (retama)
- Carob Trees (algarrobos)
- Wild Olive Trees (acebuches)
- Hawthorn (majuelo)
- Dog Rose (tapaculos)
- Buckthorn (aladiernos)
- Holm Oak (encina)
- Spanish Broom (gayumba)
- Sarsaparilla (zarzaparilla)
There are many orchards along the route which are home to:
- Almond Trees (almendros)
- Lemon Trees (limoneros)
- Orange Trees (naranjos)
- Pear Trees (perales)
- Small-leafed Fig Tree (higuero)
- Fox (zorro)
- Wild Boar (jabalí)
- Rabbit (conejo)
- Weasel (comadreja)
- Badger (tejón)
- Bat (murciélago común)
- Field Mouse (ratón de campo)
For a comprehensive list of flora and fauna, including Spanish and Latin names and links to Wikipedia pages, click here.